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Emma

Idrisi Selva Isoclust Variance/Covariance Matrix Error

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Hi,

 

I'm using Idrisi Selva to do an unsupervised (ISOCLUST) classification of Landsat TM images. My study area is at the juncture of two Landsat scenes and it spans two UTM zones. I radiometrically corrected each band of each image in R, then mosaicked each band in ArcGIS v10, then clipped the mosaicked bands to the boundary of my study area.

 

I exported the data to ASCII, then imported three bands (R, NIR, MIR) to Idrisi Selva. Using ISOCLUST, I specified that I wanted 10 classes with a minimum class size of 30 pixels.

 

The problem is that every few minutes, I would get an error that said "Variance/covariance matrix is singular. Check for perfectly correlated variables or variables with zero variance."

 

This message was immediately followed by: "Inverse matrix process failed."

 

I found that if I sat there and clicked through the errors when they popped up every few minutes, the classification worked (at least from a quick visual assessment).

 

My questions are:

1- Why is this error occurring?

2- How is the variance/covariance matrix generated?

3- Did the unsupervised classification work in spite of the error messages?

 

Any help would be really appreciated.

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